PRESSUREGAUGEONLY LOGO.png

Despite the reality that water covers about 71% of the earth’s surface, one of many major issues we face today is water air pollution. We have to scale back water air pollution and that’s why there are lots of options to unravel this problem.
Sometimes water is contaminated with chemical substances such as oil, dangerous bacteria and other microorganisms. When water is contaminated, the water high quality deteriorates and usually turns into toxic, negatively affecting animals, plants and the setting.
The best solution to stop water pollution is to stop it at the supply. Fortunately, there are lots of solutions to minimize back water air pollution, similar to wastewater therapy, stormwater management and water conservation.
Next, we’ll cowl what water pollution is, answer of water pollution, and the method to measure water quality.
Table of Contents

What is water pollution?

What causes water pollution?

10 options to water air pollution

Wastewater Treatment

Reducing plastic waste

Water conservation

Water efficient toilets

Septic tanks

Do not use your bathroom as a trash can

Stormwater administration

Green agriculture and wetlands

Denitrification

Ozone wastewater therapy

How do we check and measure water contamination?

pH Testing

Conductivity, salinity and TDS monitoring

Measuring water temperature

Measuring dissolved oxygen

Assessing turbidity and whole suspended solids (TSS)

Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis

CDOM/FDOM monitoring

Summarizing resolution of water pollution

What is water pollution?

Water air pollution is the contamination of any water system or body of water, from lakes and oceans to groundwater. Thanks to media coverage, we are very conscious of the problem of water air pollution, especially when we are nonetheless producing harmful chemical compounds and coming into our waters thus causing a discount or lack of water use.
When water is polluted, acids, bases, oxidizers, and compounds such as copper, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, and natural toxins similar to benzene, dichloroethane, and ethylene glycol within the sewage can poison aquatic life and have an result on drinking water sources and scenic landscapes. The natural matter within the sewage is decomposed by microorganisms when consuming oxygen within the water, affecting the life of aquatic organisms. After the dissolved oxygen within the water is depleted, the natural matter undergoes anaerobic decomposition, producing unpleasant gases corresponding to hydrogen sulfide and mercaptan, which additional deteriorate the water high quality. It can adversely affect plants and animals (which depend upon unpolluted water) as properly as the sensitive water environment.
Global warming is growing and it is a drawback we cannot afford to turn a blind eye to. With climate change and world warming, our treasured planet is beginning to maneuver toward a water crisis. Our world population is growing, putting calls for on water provides, and in consequence, we are seeing a rise in waterborne ailments because of the pollution of our waters.
What causes water pollution?

To find a solution to the problem of water pollution, we should first understand what causes it. The causes of water air pollution can range from overdevelopment to improper sewage therapy.
Once the trigger of water air pollution is decided, options may be developed to address the problem.
Water pollution can come from any of the next.
Urban development

Sewage and wastewater

Mining

Agricultural fertilizers and pesticides

Oil spills

Burning of fossil fuels

Ocean dumping

Sewer leaks

Global warming

Acid Rain

Animal manure

Eutrophication

Radioactive waste

10 solutions to water air pollution

We can divide the water air pollution downside into 10 main options.
Waste water therapy

Reduce plastic waste

Water conservation

Water-saving bogs

Septic tanks

Do not use bathrooms as garbage bins

Rainwater Management

Green Agriculture and Wetlands

Denitrification

Ozone Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment

Treating water before it enters the waterway system may be the simplest method to reduce water pollution – at the source!

Wastewater therapy amenities have the know-how and tools to take away most contaminants by way of organic, physical and chemical processes. For example, wastewater remedy permits water to circulate through different disinfection chambers to reduce back the toxicity levels of water contaminants and prevent leakage into the water system.
To guarantee proper operation of wastewater remedy, regular upkeep of the tools is required. This contains functions such as water therapy sensors, which are crucial for measuring and eradicating contaminants to scale back water pollution.
Water remedy sensors.
pH sensors

Redox potential (ORP) sensors

Conductivity sensors

Dissolved oxygen (DO) sensors

Turbidity sensors

COD sensors

Ammonia nitrogen sensors

Nitrate sensors

Reducing plastic waste

Plastic waste is an enormous drawback. The proven fact that more than 10 tons of plastic enter our oceans yearly and that there are expected to be more plastics than fish by 2050 is alarming! Plastic waste can also corrupt water provides. That’s why it’s essential to reduce back plastic waste and improve sustainability globally.
Plastic bottles and luggage get a lot of the media coverage, but plastic is entering water methods in ways you can’t at all times see, and certain don’t understand.
Microplastics are a major downside and are found in

Industrial manufacturing

Synthetic textiles

Clothing

Personal care merchandise (toothpaste, shampoo, and so forth.)

To scale back plastic waste in our properties, we can do the following.
Recycle plastic

Use alternatives to plastic, such as reusable tableware, food luggage, and so forth.
Shop regionally and purchase fruits and vegetables that aren’t packaged in plastic

Buy organic/natural and eco-friendly care products

Water conservation

Do you flip off the tap when you brush your tooth, or flip off the tap when you wash your hair in the shower?

Water is a scarce resource, so limiting the quantity of water you employ every day will assist scale back water pollution.
Water efficient toilets

In the previous, toilets used about 3.5 gallons of water per flush, nevertheless, the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) has mandated that all bathrooms can only flush 1.6 gallons of water per flush.
Most homes at the second are built with 2 button bogs, one for small flushes (0.8-1.1 gallons of water) and one for full energy (1.6 gallons of water). Water-efficient bathrooms are a step in the best path to conserve water and reduce water air pollution.
Having a water-efficient rest room can prevent money, too!

Septic tanks

Septic tanks are a great way to successfully deal with wastewater; separating solids from liquids. Septic tanks degrade solids and permit liquids to move into the drainage system through a organic course of.
Using a septic tank reduces water air pollution by removing pollutants already current in the water.
Do not use your toilet as a trash can

Your bathroom isn’t a trash can; it is used only for human excrement. Avoid flushing moist wipes, diapers and anything you think of down the toilet – that’s what a trash can is for.
Flushing this stuff down the bathroom could cause a clog in the drain, so the sewer system doesn’t work correctly. When issues are clogged, the water within the wastewater facility or septic tank cannot be cleaned successfully.
Stormwater administration

Another means we are ready to struggle water pollution is to manage stormwater every time potential. Stormwater flows along roads and other surfaces and may collect viruses, bacteria and different harmful pollution before coming into sewers, rivers and eventually the ocean.
Treatment and administration of stormwater consists of reverse osmosis (RO), superior oxidation and sand filtration.
Green agriculture and wetlands

Agriculture is a trillion dollar business worldwide, using up to 70% of the surface water provide to satisfy the wants of livestock manufacturing and agriculture.
Because agriculture is such a big business, it is among the leading causes of water pollution. When it rains, runoff transports pesticides and fertilizers.
Agriculture could be environmentally friendly and is called green farming. เกจวัดแรงดัน involves the usage of pesticides and fertilizers that don’t include harmful chemical substances. It also entails planting timber and creating wetlands to create buffers that filter runoff and water pollutants.
Denitrification

When nitrate levels in water are excessive, it creates the perfect surroundings for eutrophication or over-fertilization of runoff to occur. This permits algae and phytoplankton within the water to develop quickly, lowering water high quality and exacerbating water air pollution issues.
Denitrification is the direct conversion of nitrate to nitrogen. This ecological course of prevents nitrate from leaching into the soil and helps cut back groundwater contamination.
Ozone wastewater treatment

Although that is additionally a kind of wastewater therapy, it goes via a different course of than standard wastewater techniques, which is why it is also important to note this.
Ozonated wastewater remedy uses an ozone generator to break down water contaminants. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation or an exothermic field contained in the generator converts oxygen into ozone. This course of oxidizes bacteria, organic matter and other water contaminants.
There are also a variety of solutions you’ll be able to tackle yourself to cut back water pollution.
Report water polluters

Check which water line your drain or sewage pump is connected to

Never pour oil, fats and grease down the drain

Use phosphate-free laundry detergents and dishwashing detergents

Dispose of medical and chemical waste correctly – don’t dump medicines in toilets or rivers

Eat extra natural meals

Reduce how a lot meat you eat

Support environmental charities

Avoid single-use plastic merchandise, such as plastic bottles and plastic food bags

Always take note of automobile maintenance to stop oil leaks

Reduce chemicals and use eco-friendly or natural fertilizers and pesticides

Plant extra timber and vegetation

If you live on the coast or remove plastic from a river near your personal home, do a seaside cleanup

Finally, water air pollution should at all times be on the forefront of your mind in your daily actions

How will we test and measure water contamination?

Testing and measuring water high quality can inform us if a body of water is contaminated. Testing water high quality is considered one of the most essential ways to guard sensitive aquatic environments and supply clear water for a variety of crops and animals, including people.
There are many ways to measure water quality, together with varied parameters corresponding to pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen (DO), ORP and temperature.
There are 7 methods we can check water quality and scale back water pollution.
pH testing

Conductivity, salinity and TDS monitoring

Measurement of water temperature

Dissolved oxygen measurement

Assessing turbidity and TSS

Chlorophyll fluorescence evaluation

CDOM/FDOM monitoring

pH Testing

pH fluctuations can be extraordinarily harmful in aquatic techniques; safe aquatic environments have pH values between 6.zero and 8.0. Many components can alter the pH of an aquatic system, quickly creating a poisonous setting.
pH may be tested utilizing colorimetric or electrochemical methods.
Colorimetric methods include pH indicators and litmus paper. They are easy to make use of and inexpensive, however for correct pH readings, electrochemical strategies such as pH controller are extremely really helpful. The pH meter needs to be calibrated prior to make use of.
You can discover more information about pH sensors and their different purposes right here.
Conductivity, salinity and TDS monitoring

The conductivity of water tells us the standard of the water and in addition affects the salinity and TDS (total dissolved solids) of the water. Analyzing water quality could be measured utilizing conductivity, TDS and salinity meters.
Even if each meter measures a different water parameter, the outcomes will collaborate with one another to point how a lot water contamination is current.
Measuring water temperature

Temperature is an important water quality parameter because it affects different parameters in the water system.
There are a wide selection of thermometers, temperature controllers and temperature sensors that can record accurate readings.
Measuring dissolved oxygen

Measuring dissolved oxygen in wastewater remedy and water bodies is important because DO levels under 6 mg/L may be toxic to aquatic ecosystems.
Most generally used are DO electrochemical sensors, however optical DO sensors, colorimetric methods can be used.
Assessing turbidity and total suspended solids (TSS)

Turbidity is the diploma to which water becomes cloudy and is a crucial test of water high quality. tss (total suspended solids) and decaying plant and animal matter can alter turbidity ranges, typically reducing the quantity of sunshine that passes via the water.
A sudden increase in turbidity indicates water contamination, often caused by the influx of heavy metals and different sewage.
The best way to measure turbidity is with a turbidity tube or Secchi disc, but for more correct measurements, a turbidity meter is beneficial.
Chlorophyll fluorescence evaluation

When water our bodies turn into eutrophic, oxygen levels are depleted and nitrogen and phosphorus levels enhance, creating a poisonous surroundings for crops and animals. Measuring algal growth and water quality can help cut back water air pollution.
Chlorophyll fluorescence is measured with a chlorophyll sensor, which information the share of wet chemistry and active chlorophyll.
CDOM/FDOM monitoring

CDOM (colored dissolved natural matter) is naturally present in water bodies. UV mild is absorbed by the organic matter and breaks right down to launch the natural contaminant tannin, which makes the water cloudy. Tannins are associated with reducing the pH and depleting the oxygen content of the water. When CDOM fluoresces, it is referred to as fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM).
Photoelectric sensors are used to measure CDOM/FDOM. they measure the availability of light and the concentration of dissolved natural matter (DOM).
Summarizing answer of water air pollution

Water air pollution is an especially essential drawback we’re at present facing, which is why solutions should be developed to protect the aquatic environment, human well being, and different animals (and plants) that rely upon water methods.
Testing completely different water parameters will determine water high quality so that water air pollution can be identified.
If you need to more information on what water high quality testing equipment we offer, please be happy to contact Apure. We look ahead to answering any questions you could have..
As you try to learn how to deal with #keyword#, try to discover what will work the best over the long term. Normally what goes on is that people perform fantastic with #keyword# for a time and then slip back in to older habits. You should not have that hard a time keeping away from this when you find yourself dependable in your endeavours and are genuinely established to get to where you would like to go. You must not feel too badly whenever things are complicated initially, each and every brand new tactic that you take up will require an interval of realignment. #links# is a superb source when you need some help remaining encouraged.

Despite the truth that water covers about 71% of the earth’s surface, one of the major problems we face today is water pollution. We have to reduce water pollution and that’s why there are numerous options to resolve this drawback.
Sometimes water is contaminated with chemical substances such as oil, harmful bacteria and different microorganisms. When water is contaminated, the water quality deteriorates and normally turns into poisonous, negatively affecting animals, vegetation and the environment.
The best answer to stop water pollution is to stop it at the supply. Fortunately, there are many options to reduce back water pollution, corresponding to wastewater remedy, stormwater management and water conservation.
Next, we’ll cover what water air pollution is, solution of water air pollution, and how to measure water high quality.
Table of Contents

What is water pollution?

What causes water pollution?

10 solutions to water air pollution

Wastewater Treatment

Reducing plastic waste

Water conservation

Water efficient bogs

Septic tanks

Do not use your rest room as a trash can

Stormwater administration

Green agriculture and wetlands

Denitrification

Ozone wastewater treatment

How do we take a look at and measure water contamination?

pH Testing

Conductivity, salinity and TDS monitoring

Measuring water temperature

Measuring dissolved oxygen

Assessing turbidity and complete suspended solids (TSS)

Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis

CDOM/FDOM monitoring

Summarizing answer of water pollution

What is water pollution?

Water pollution is the contamination of any water system or body of water, from lakes and oceans to groundwater. Thanks to media protection, we are very conscious of the issue of water pollution, particularly once we are still producing harmful chemical substances and entering our waters thus causing a reduction or lack of water use.
When water is polluted, acids, bases, oxidizers, and compounds similar to copper, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, and natural toxins corresponding to benzene, dichloroethane, and ethylene glycol within the sewage can poison aquatic life and have an effect on drinking water sources and scenic landscapes. The natural matter within the sewage is decomposed by microorganisms when consuming oxygen in the water, affecting the lifetime of aquatic organisms. After the dissolved oxygen within the water is depleted, the natural matter undergoes anaerobic decomposition, producing unpleasant gases corresponding to hydrogen sulfide and mercaptan, which further deteriorate the water high quality. It can adversely affect plants and animals (which depend on unpolluted water) as nicely as the delicate water environment.
Global warming is growing and it’s a downside we can not afford to turn a blind eye to. With climate change and global warming, our treasured planet is beginning to move towards a water crisis. Our global inhabitants is growing, placing demands on water supplies, and as a result, we are seeing an increase in waterborne diseases due to the pollution of our waters.
What causes water pollution?

To find a resolution to the issue of water air pollution, we must first understand what causes it. The causes of water air pollution can vary from overdevelopment to improper sewage treatment.
Once the purpose for water pollution is set, options could be developed to address the issue.
Water air pollution can come from any of the following.
Urban improvement

Sewage and wastewater

Mining

Agricultural fertilizers and pesticides

Oil spills

Burning of fossil fuels

Ocean dumping

Sewer leaks

Global warming

Acid Rain

Animal manure

Eutrophication

Radioactive waste

10 options to water pollution

We can divide the water pollution downside into 10 major options.
Waste water therapy

Reduce plastic waste

Water conservation

Water-saving bogs

Septic tanks

Do not use toilets as rubbish bins

Rainwater Management

Green Agriculture and Wetlands

Denitrification

Ozone Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment

Treating water earlier than it enters the waterway system may be the best approach to cut back water pollution – at the source!

Wastewater treatment services have the expertise and instruments to remove most contaminants by way of biological, physical and chemical processes. For example, wastewater remedy permits water to move by way of different disinfection chambers to scale back the toxicity ranges of water contaminants and stop leakage into the water system.
To ensure proper operation of wastewater remedy, common maintenance of the equipment is required. This includes functions corresponding to water therapy sensors, that are important for measuring and removing contaminants to reduce back water pollution.
Water treatment sensors.
pH sensors

Redox potential (ORP) sensors

Conductivity sensors

Dissolved oxygen (DO) sensors

Turbidity sensors

COD sensors

Ammonia nitrogen sensors

Nitrate sensors

Reducing plastic waste

Plastic waste is an enormous downside. The proven reality that greater than 10 tons of plastic enter our oceans yearly and that there are expected to be extra plastics than fish by 2050 is alarming! Plastic waste also can corrupt water provides. That’s why it’s necessary to minimize back plastic waste and improve sustainability globally.
Plastic bottles and bags get a lot of the media coverage, however plastic is coming into water methods in ways you can’t always see, and certain don’t notice.
Microplastics are a significant problem and are present in

Industrial manufacturing

Synthetic textiles

Clothing

Personal care products (toothpaste, shampoo, and so on.)

To scale back plastic waste in our homes, we are ready to do the following.
Recycle plastic

Use options to plastic, similar to reusable tableware, meals baggage, and so on.
Shop domestically and purchase fruit and veggies that aren’t packaged in plastic

Buy organic/natural and eco-friendly care merchandise

Water conservation

Do you turn off the tap if you brush your tooth, or turn off the tap if you wash your hair within the shower?

Water is a scarce useful resource, so limiting the quantity of water you employ each day will assist cut back water air pollution.
Water environment friendly bathrooms

In the previous, bogs used about three.5 gallons of water per flush, nevertheless, the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) has mandated that all bogs can solely flush 1.6 gallons of water per flush.
Most houses are actually constructed with 2 button bathrooms, one for small flushes (0.8-1.1 gallons of water) and one for full power (1.6 gallons of water). Water-efficient bathrooms are a step in the right direction to preserve water and scale back water pollution.
Having a water-efficient toilet can save you money, too!

Septic tanks

Septic tanks are an effective way to effectively treat wastewater; separating solids from liquids. Septic tanks degrade solids and permit liquids to flow into the drainage system by way of a organic course of.
Using a septic tank reduces water air pollution by eradicating pollutants already current in the water.
Do not use your rest room as a trash can

Your toilet just isn’t a trash can; it’s used only for human excrement. Avoid flushing moist wipes, diapers and anything else you consider down the bathroom – that’s what a trash can is for.
pressure gauge down the toilet may cause a clog in the drain, so the sewer system doesn’t work properly. When things are clogged, the water in the wastewater facility or septic tank can’t be cleaned successfully.
Stormwater management

Another way we are in a position to fight water pollution is to handle stormwater each time attainable. Stormwater flows alongside roads and different surfaces and might gather viruses, bacteria and different harmful pollutants before coming into sewers, rivers and finally the ocean.
Treatment and administration of stormwater consists of reverse osmosis (RO), superior oxidation and sand filtration.
Green agriculture and wetlands

Agriculture is a trillion greenback industry worldwide, using as a lot as 70% of the floor water supply to fulfill the wants of livestock production and agriculture.
Because agriculture is such a large trade, it is likely considered one of the leading causes of water pollution. When it rains, runoff transports pesticides and fertilizers.
Agriculture could be environmentally pleasant and is named green farming. Green farming includes the usage of pesticides and fertilizers that do not contain harmful chemical compounds. It additionally involves planting timber and creating wetlands to create buffers that filter runoff and water pollution.
Denitrification

When nitrate ranges in water are excessive, it creates the perfect environment for eutrophication or over-fertilization of runoff to happen. This allows algae and phytoplankton in the water to grow quickly, decreasing water quality and exacerbating water air pollution problems.
Denitrification is the direct conversion of nitrate to nitrogen. This ecological course of prevents nitrate from leaching into the soil and helps cut back groundwater contamination.
Ozone wastewater therapy

Although that is additionally a type of wastewater therapy, it goes via a different process than standard wastewater techniques, which is why it’s also essential to notice this.
Ozonated wastewater treatment uses an ozone generator to interrupt down water contaminants. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation or an exothermic field inside the generator converts oxygen into ozone. This course of oxidizes micro organism, organic matter and other water contaminants.
There are additionally a number of options you possibly can take on yourself to reduce water air pollution.
Report water polluters

Check which water line your drain or sewage pump is connected to

Never pour oil, fat and grease down the drain

Use phosphate-free laundry detergents and dishwashing detergents

Dispose of medical and chemical waste correctly – don’t dump medications in bogs or rivers

Eat more organic meals

Reduce how much meat you eat

Support environmental charities

Avoid single-use plastic merchandise, similar to plastic bottles and plastic food luggage

Always pay attention to automobile maintenance to prevent oil leaks

Reduce chemicals and use eco-friendly or organic fertilizers and pesticides

Plant extra bushes and crops

If you reside on the coast or take away plastic from a river close to your own home, do a seaside cleanup

Finally, water air pollution ought to at all times be on the forefront of your thoughts in your every day activities

How can we test and measure water contamination?

Testing and measuring water quality can tell us if a body of water is contaminated. Testing water high quality is doubtless certainly one of the most necessary methods to protect sensitive aquatic environments and provide clean water for a wide range of plants and animals, including people.
There are many ways to measure water high quality, including varied parameters similar to pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen (DO), ORP and temperature.
There are 7 ways we will take a look at water high quality and reduce water pollution.
pH testing

Conductivity, salinity and TDS monitoring

Measurement of water temperature

Dissolved oxygen measurement

Assessing turbidity and TSS

Chlorophyll fluorescence evaluation

CDOM/FDOM monitoring

pH Testing

pH fluctuations may be extraordinarily harmful in aquatic methods; protected aquatic environments have pH values between 6.0 and eight.0. Many factors can alter the pH of an aquatic system, quickly making a poisonous environment.
pH could be tested using colorimetric or electrochemical strategies.
Colorimetric methods embody pH indicators and litmus paper. They are straightforward to use and inexpensive, however for accurate pH readings, electrochemical methods similar to pH controller are extremely recommended. The pH meter needs to be calibrated prior to make use of.
You can find extra information about pH sensors and their different functions right here.
Conductivity, salinity and TDS monitoring

The conductivity of water tells us the quality of the water and also impacts the salinity and TDS (total dissolved solids) of the water. Analyzing water quality can be measured using conductivity, TDS and salinity meters.
Even if each meter measures a special water parameter, the results will collaborate with each other to indicate how a lot water contamination is current.
Measuring water temperature

Temperature is a vital water quality parameter because it affects other parameters within the water system.
There are a variety of thermometers, temperature controllers and temperature sensors that can document correct readings.
Measuring dissolved oxygen

Measuring dissolved oxygen in wastewater remedy and water bodies is important because DO ranges beneath 6 mg/L can be poisonous to aquatic ecosystems.
Most commonly used are DO electrochemical sensors, but optical DO sensors, colorimetric methods may additionally be used.
Assessing turbidity and complete suspended solids (TSS)

Turbidity is the degree to which water becomes cloudy and is a vital test of water quality. tss (total suspended solids) and decaying plant and animal matter can alter turbidity ranges, usually decreasing the quantity of light that passes via the water.
A sudden increase in turbidity indicates water contamination, normally attributable to the influx of heavy metals and different sewage.
The easiest method to measure turbidity is with a turbidity tube or Secchi disc, however for extra correct measurements, a turbidity meter is recommended.
Chlorophyll fluorescence analysis

When water bodies turn into eutrophic, oxygen ranges are depleted and nitrogen and phosphorus levels enhance, creating a poisonous setting for crops and animals. Measuring algal progress and water high quality may help scale back water air pollution.
Chlorophyll fluorescence is measured with a chlorophyll sensor, which data the share of moist chemistry and lively chlorophyll.
CDOM/FDOM monitoring

CDOM (colored dissolved organic matter) is naturally current in water bodies. UV mild is absorbed by the natural matter and breaks down to launch the natural contaminant tannin, which makes the water cloudy. Tannins are related to lowering the pH and depleting the oxygen content of the water. When CDOM fluoresces, it is referred to as fluorescent dissolved natural matter (FDOM).
Photoelectric sensors are used to measure CDOM/FDOM. they measure the supply of sunshine and the concentration of dissolved natural matter (DOM).
Summarizing answer of water air pollution

Water pollution is an especially important drawback we are at present dealing with, which is why solutions should be developed to guard the aquatic setting, human well being, and other animals (and plants) that depend upon water systems.
Testing different water parameters will decide water high quality in order that water pollution may be identified.
If you want to extra information on what water quality testing gear we offer, please feel free to contact Apure. We look ahead to answering any questions you might have..