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Numerous industrial processes have an inherently risky potential. Special pressure switches support the safety of individuals and the environment. Example: the vulcanisation of tyres for motor vehicles. To monitor this process, leading manufacturers use the model MW switch from WIKA with SIL 2 rating.
Why this type of pressure switch is necessary for safety in this application is shown by a consider the process: In a steam-heated press, the raw tyre is first filled with hot water to adapt it to the inner shape of the press. Then, consuming pressures of around 24 bar and temperatures of 150 �C to 170 �C the vulcanisation itself occurs. Along the way, with the addition of sulphur, the tyre is given its elastic and robust final shape. However, if there is no appropriate monitoring, overpressure may appear in the curing press without warning. If this happens, the chance of boiling hot steam escaping is high. To rule out pressure gauge octa , tyre manufacturers generally use pressure switches to ensure the safety of the process.
The model MW pressure switch with SIL 2 rating has been developed for safety-relevant applications, such as for example tyre vulcanisation.
Control of overpressure and interlocking
The instruments fulfil two functions at once: On the one hand, they intervene in case of overpressure, and alternatively, they control the inner interlocking of the curing press to prevent it from opening accidentally before vulcanisation is completed. The process is finished the moment a preset pressure value is reached. Then the pressure switch lifts the lock. This mechanism is constantly in motion in high-throughput automatic tyre production. As a result, the switch is continually being loaded. Consequently, it will need to have an extended service life as of this critical point. Premature wear would otherwise result in an unscheduled shutdown of the plant.
Lowest failure probability
Tyre manufacturers therefore require pressure switches with distinct robustness and safety. That is why, WIKA has developed the model MW pressure switch for safety-relevant applications such as vulcanisation. As a mechanical device, the model MW will switch without dependence on any energy supply, a significant safety aspect. A SIL 2 rating in accordance with the IEC 61508 standard certifies the functional safety of the pressure switch. Its operational safety is also SIL 2 certified. Thus, the expected service life is approximately 90,000 pressure cycles and switching operations. The risk assessment of the model MW in accordance with EN ISO 13849-1 by an external certification resulted in the highest performance level ?PL e? (lowest failure probability).
Microswitches, also with argon filling
All model MW instruments have microswitches that switch electrical loads up to 250V AC, 20 A directly. For several applications, microswitch versions with argon filling provide an additional boost to safety and service life. The gas reduces oxidation, protects against corrosion and prevents sparking. For low switching powers, for instance in PLC applications, you will find a variant with gold-plated contacts.
Retrofitting existing plants
The model MW safety pressure switches from WIKA may also be suitable for retrofitting. In the case of tyre vulcanisation, they are able to therefore help adapt existing installations to the specifications of DIN EN 16474, which was amended in 2015. This standard obliges tyre manufacturers to use all new machines with improved safety technology. The regulation is supposed to prevent risks of danger in the long run.
Note
ไดอะแฟรม ซีล on the model MW pressure switches and their safety features are available on the WIKA website. If you have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
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SIL-certified: Functional safety with mechanical switches
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